Helicopter Operations resources

Helicopter Operations

Procedures

Home > Helicopter operations > Procedures > Visual meteorological conditions Print this page

Visual meteorological conditions

VMC – non-controlled airspace

 
AIP ENR 1.2

Height at which
applicable
Applicable
distance for
flight visibility
Applicable
distances for
cloud visibility
Conditions
1 [alt](a)
Below 700 ft above ground or

(b)
Below 700 ft above
water when operating at
a distance from land
that allows compliance with CAR 258(1)
800 mClear of cloud(a)
Day operation only

(b)
At a speed that allows the pilot adequate opportunity to see any obstructions or air traffic in sufficient time to avoid collision

(c)
If operating less than 10 nm from an aerodrome with an approved instrument approach procedure, then:
(i)
in accordance with all requirements to report, broadcast and maintain a listening watch and

(ii)
maintaining a separation of
at least 500 ft vertically from any aircraft conducting an IFR operation less than 10 nm from the aerodrome
2 [alt]Below 700 ft above water when operating at a distance from land greater than that which allows compliance with CAR 258 (1)1
5000 m if only
condition 1 is complied with or

2
800 m if conditions
1 and 2 are both complied with
1
600 m horizontal
and 500 ft vertical,
if only condition 1 is complied with or

2
Clear of cloud,
if conditions 1 and 2
are both complied with
1
(a)
Day operation only;

(b)
At a speed that allows the pilot adequate opportunity to see any obstructions or air traffic in sufficient time to avoid collision

(c)
If operating less than 10 nm from an aerodrome with an approved instrument approach procedure, then:
(i)
in accordance with all requirements to report, broadcast and maintain a listening watch and

(ii)
maintaining a separation of at least 500 ft vertically from any aircraft conducting an IFR operation less than 10 nm from the aerodrome

2
The applicable distances for vertical and horizontal distances from cloud visibility do not apply if the helicopter:
(a)
uses track guidance provided by an approved operating radio navigation aid and

(b)
is equipped with a complementary radio navigation system

Source: AIP ENR 1.2

VMC – non-controlled airspace

4___procedures___visual-meteorological-conditions___VMC_–_non-controlled_airspace

Back to top