General resources


Pilot responsibilities

In flight

Meteorological conditions observed en route CAR 247

As pilot in command, you shall report—in the approved form and at such times as requested by a meteorological observer—the meteorological conditions observed en route.

When any meteorological condition that is hazardous to flight is encountered en route, you, as the pilot in command, shall report the condition as soon as possible, giving such details as appear important to the safety of other aircraft.

Navigation logs CAR 78

As pilot in command of an aircraft, you must keep a log of such navigational data as is required to enable you to determine the geographical position of the aircraft at any time while the aircraft is in flight.

Acrobatic flight CAR 155

You must not, as a pilot in command of an aircraft, fly the aircraft in acrobatic flight:

  • at night
  • if not in VMC
  • of a particular kind unless the certificate of airworthiness, or the flight manual allows that kind of aerobatic manoeuvre
  • over a populated area or public gathering.

Before engaging in acrobatic flight, you must ensure that:

  • any loose articles are removed from the aircraft or made secure in the aircraft
  • all locker and compartment doors of the aircraft are fastened
  • the safety harness or seat belt of any vacant seat is made secure so as to avoid the fouling of the controls of the aircraft
  • the dual controls (if any) are removed from the aircraft, or rendered inoperative, unless the control seats are occupied in accordance with CAR 226 or the dual control seat is vacant
  • every person in the aircraft is secured with correctly adjusted safety harness or seat belt.

Flying over public gatherings CAR 156

Except with CASA’s written permission and in accordance with the conditions specified in the permit, an aircraft shall not be flown over any regatta, race meeting or public gathering.

Nothing in the above shall apply to an aircraft passing over a regatta, race meeting or public gathering in the process of:

  • arriving at or departing from an aerodrome in the course of its normal navigation for so doing or
  • passing from place to place in the ordinary course of navigation.

Low flying CAR 157, CASR Subpart 61Q, CASR 61.1040

The pilot in command of an aircraft must not fly the aircraft over:

  • any city, town or populous area at a height lower than 1,000 feet, or
  • any other area at a height lower than 500 feet.

The height specified above is the height above the highest point of the terrain, and any object on it, within a radius of:

  • in the case of an aircraft other than a helicopter—600 metres, or
  • in the case of a helicopter—300 metres;

from a point on the terrain vertically below the aircraft.

You must have at least a private pilot licence to hold a low-level rating. A low-level rating authorises you to conduct low-level operations under certain conditions.

Before flying any low-level operations, you must do a risk assessment of the proposed area. You must also hold the appropriate low-level endorsement for the type of low-level operation you wish to conduct (CASR 61.1050). There are nine low- level endorsements (CASR 61.1075):

  • aeroplane
  • helicopter
  • powered-lift
  • gyroplane
  • aerial mustering-aeroplane
  • aerial mustering-helicopter
  • aerial mustering-gyroplane
  • sling operations
  • winch and rappelling operations.

Recent experience requirements for low flying CASR 61.1055

You are allowed to exercise the privileges of your low-level rating only if, within the last six months, you have:

  • flown at least two hours of low-level operations or
  • been assessed as competent to conduct low-level operations by a flight instructor who holds a low-level training endorsement, or
  • successfully completed within the previous six months
    • an operator proficiency check in low-level operations, or
    • a flight review for the rating.

In addition, within the previous 24 months, you must also have (CASR 61.1060, CASA EX 48/17):

  • completed a rating flight review, or
  • passed a rating flight test, or
  • passed an endorsement flight test, but more than six months after passing a flight test, or
  • completed an aerial application proficiency check, or
  • completed an operator proficiency check, or
  • successfully taken part of an operator’s approved cyclic training and proficiency program that covers the rating.

Reporting of failures, malfunctions, and defects CAR 248, CASR 21.003, 42.270

At the termination of each flight, or in any urgent case, during the currency of the flight, you must report all defects in the aircraft, aerodromes, air routes, air route facilities or airway facilities which have come to your notice.

Where a defect in the aircraft is reported in accordance with the above paragraph, the operator of the aircraft shall take such action as required under the regulations (CAR 248).

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