General resources


Rules of the air

Formation flying

Operating near other aircraft CAR 163

An aircraft must not be flown so close to another aircraft as to create a collision

An aircraft must not be operated on the ground in such a manner as to create hazard
to itself or to another aircraft.

Formation flying CAR 163AA

Aircraft must not be flown in formation unless:

  • each of the pilots in command is authorised to fly in formation
  • the formation is pre-arranged between the pilots in command, and
  • the formation flight is conducted either:
    • under VFR by day, or
    • under an approval given by CASA.
  • two or more aircraft are flown in formation if they are flown in close proximity to each other and they operate as a single aircraft with regard to navigation, position reporting and control.

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New rules came into effect from 2 December 2021 that cover the general operating and flight rules. This website is now out of date and will be switched off in the new year. A PDF copy of the VFRG is available for download.
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